Syncopation Software

DPL 9 Fault Tree

Combines the ability to build and analyze fault trees with DPL Professional's class-leading decision tree engine
DPL 9 FAULT TREE provides users the ability to graphically depict large-scale systems gracefully in order to gain an understanding of the risks involved in a system and how they relate to one another. This leads to a more accurate risk assessment and the ability to build a quantitative model that can accurately assess risk reduction actions.
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Powerful Fault Tree Modeling

A fault tree is a structured model used to analyze the risk in a system. A fault tree enumerates the system components liable to failure, and expresses how each contributes to the robustness of the system. Fault trees can be used to analyze the probability of failure or probability of any complex binary event including applications in cybersecurity, national security, nuclear power plant safety, and launch vehicle reliability.

DPL Fault Tree provides a rich set of operators:

  • Basic events
  • AND gates (any number of inputs)
  • OR gates (any number of inputs)
  • NOT gates (to build noncoherent fault trees)
  • Probability value nodes
  • Dependent events
  • Embedded modules (subtree libraries)

Building a fault tree in DPL is easy. Start with the top event, connect gates and binary events below, and lastly assign probabilities to the basic events at the bottom. DPL has time-saving features for creating multiple events and establishing connections. You can be running an analysis in minutes!

For more advanced modelling, DPL helps you build up complex fault tree structures from simple modules. DPL's fault tree modules act like custom gates, and you can include as many as you like in your fault tree. You can even create libraries of common modules in separate project files, so they can be shared among the members of a workgroup.

DPL Fault Tree Circuit Diagram View

Circuit Diagrams

A circuit diagram is an alternative way of looking at the structure of a fault tree. The system will fail if the "circuit" is broken -- that is, if all the lines from the "power source" on the right to the "light bulb" on the left are cut. A circuit diagram provides a graphical view of the qualitative aspects of the system, such as redundancies and single points of failure.

In DPL, you can switch between the tree and circuit diagram views of a fault tree at the press of a button.

DPL Fault Tree Minimal Cut Sets

Minimal Cut Sets

One of the main outputs of a fault tree is the calculation of the minimal cut sets. A cut set is a list of component failures that would result in system failure; it is minimal if it doesn't contain any unnecessary failures. DPL Fault Tree has a fast, proprietary algorithm for calculating minimal cut sets. Once calculated, the minimal cut sets can be displayed in tabular or circuit diagram format. However you view them, you'll be able to see both the probability of occurrence and the cost of each cut set. In a security context, sorting the cut sets by cost allows you to focus on the "cheapest" failure points, that is, the ways an adversary could most easily attack the system.

DPL Fault Tree Partial Derivatives

Partial Derivatives

A fault tree is a mathematical function which takes a set of basic events as inputs and gives the probability of failure as output. The partial derivatives of this function with respect to each of its inputs give a useful comparative sensitivity analysis specific to fault trees. An event's probability and its partial derivative give its maximum impact on the likelihood of system failure. Efforts to improve the robustness of the system should be focused on high-impact events. DPL provides the automated ability to calculate and graphically display the partial derivatives of the fault tree.

Other Key Features:

  • All of the power and features of DPL Professional
  • Aggregation of multiple expert opinions
  • Module embedding (in influence diagrams or other fault trees)
  • Time series fractiles