Syncopation Software

DPL Papers

DPL Papers and Presentations

See examples of hour DPL has been used to creatively solve challenging, real-world decision problems within a variety of verticals.

Real Options

Brandão, L., Dyer, J., Hahn, W. (2005). Using Binomial Decision Trees to Solve Real-Option Valuation Problems. Decision Analysis. 2. 69-88.

Brandão, L. & Dyer, J. (2005). Decision Analysis and Real Options: A Discrete Time Approach to Real Option Valuation. Annals OR. 135. 21-39.

Hahn, W., Brandão, L., Dyer, J. (2010). Real options: The value added through optimal decision making. Graziadio Business Report. 13.

Dias, A., Bastian-Pinto, C., Brandão, L., & Gomes, L. (2011). Flexibility and uncertainty in agribusiness projects: investing in a cogeneration plant. RAM. Revista de Administração Mackenzie, 12(4), 105-126.

Dalbem M., Brandao, L., Gomes, L. Brazil's Quest to Also Foster Wind Energy in the Deregulated Market: Will it Work?. In: 31st USAEE/ILAEE North American Conference, 2012, Austin.

Miranda, O. & Brandão, L. (2013) A Real Option Model To Value An Exploration Mining Project: An Application. [Online].

Guj, P. (2016). A practical methodology to optimise marginal mineral deposits using switching real options. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 336-345.

» PDF Available upon request.

Foo, N. (2016). The optimisation investment rule in determining mining investment projects in the Asia-Pacific region. Conference Paper: Western Economic Association International

Tan B., Anderson, E., Dyer, J., Parker, G. (2009). Using Binomial Decision Trees and Real Options Theory to Evaluate System Dynamics Models of Risky Projects.

Baker, W., Ash, T., Sukthaworn, N., Hamm, G. (2012) Environment Agency: Water Resources Management Planning -- Real Options Analysis. EA Project Number: EBPLW11017.

Smith, J. & McCardle, K. (1999) Options in the Real World: Lessons Learned in Evaluating Oil and Gas Investments. Operations Research. 47(1), 1-15.

Defense and Security

Parnell, G., Smith, C., & Moxley, F. (2010). Intelligent adversary risk analysis: A bioterrorism risk management model. Risk Analysis, 30(1), 32-48.

» DAAG 2009 Presentation

Butler, J., Cronin, P., Dyer, J., Edmunds, T., Ward, R. (2013). Decision Analysis Methods For the Analysis of Nuclear Terrorism Threats with Imperfect Information (No. LLNL-TR-635767). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA.

Greeson, David. International Space Station Program Office, Vehicles Effectiveness & Trades, Analysis & Integration Team (November 14, 1995). Using DPL for ISS Trade Studies.

Kleinmuntz, D. & Willis, H. (2009) Risk-Based Allocation of Resources to Counter Terrorism. (2009) Research Project Summaries. Paper 37.

Fault Tree

Dillon-Merrill, R., Bier V., Borener S., Robinson, M., Mitchell, K., Balakrishna, P., Hepler, A., Best, A. (2014). Quantifying Risk in Commercial Aviation with Fault Trees and Event Sequence Diagrams. Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management PSAM 12, June 2014, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Silvianita, S., Khamidi, M., & Kurian, V. (2013). Decision Making for Safety Assessment of Mobile Mooring System. Jurnal Teknologi. 61. .10.11113/jt.v61.1767.

Khamidi, M., Sambodho, K., Syahroni, N., Mulyadi, Y., & Zikra, M. (2016). Investigation of Risk Based Decision Making for Mobile Mooring System. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 836. 233-238.


Shropshire, D. & Chandler, S. (Dec 2005). Financing Strategies for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facility(INL/EXT--05-01021). United States

Soundararajan, K., & Han, E. (2014) Probabilistic Analysis of Marine Fuels in Emission Controlled Areas. Energy Procedia. 61. 735 – 738.

» Presentated at the International Conference of Applied Energy, Taipee, 2004

French, S., Rios, J., Stewart, T. (2011). Decision analysis and scenario thinking for nuclear sustainability. Manchester Business School.

Beccue, P. & Huntington, H. An Assessment of Oil Market Disruption Risks. Energy Modeling Forum, Special Report 8, Stanford University, Stanford, California, September 2005.

Dunning, D., Lockfort, S., Ross, Q., Beccue, P., Stonebraker, J. (2001). New York Power Authority Uses Decision Analysis to Schedule Refueling of Its Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant. Interfaces, 31(5), 121-135.

Huntington, H. (2008) The Oil Security Problem. International Handbook on the Economics of Energy.

As of October 2016:

» An Updated Assessment of Oil Market Disruption Risks

» Presented at the DAAG Conference 2017


Pek, P., & Poh, K. (2002). Formulation of Tutoring Policy for Maximising Student Learning using a Decision-Theoretical Approach. International Journal of Engineering Education. 18(6), 652-666.

S. Johnson, M. & Zwick, M. (2000). State-Based Reconstructability Modeling For Decision Analysis.

Covaliu, Z. (2001). A Fair Isaac White Paper.

Pharmaceutical and Healthcare

Morales J., Li X., Irony T., Ibrahim N., Moynahan M., Cavanaugh Jr., K. (2013) Decision Analysis of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filter in Patients without Pulmonary Embolism. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 1(4):376-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2013.04.005. Epub 2013 Jul 4.

Beccue, P. & Ruhland, J. Processes and Tools of Portfolio Management: A Baxter Case Study. DAAG Conference, 2012, Chicago.

Mauer, J. Modeling Ordered Uncertainties. DAAG Conference, 2016, Banff.


Pitzler, D. & Haight, J. (2003) SPU Solid Waste Facilities Masterplan (Technical Memo No. 6), Prepared for Seattle Public Utilities by CH2MHill. Retrieved from:


Featherman, D. & Moody, R. (1993) Cost Risk Analysis Models for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project - Durango, Colorado.

Featherman, D. & Moody, R. (1993) Cost Risk Analysis Models for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project - Lowman, Idaho.

Merkhofer, M.W.; Conway, R. & Anderson, R.G. Multiattribute utility analysis as a framework for public participation siting a hazardous waste facility, article, May 1, 1996; Albuquerque, New Mexico. accessed June 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.

Hudson, C. (1995) A Decision Tool To Optimally Select Pollution Prevention Projects Within a Constrained Budget Thesis Presented to Faculyt of the School of Engineering of the Air Force Institute and Technology.


Kim, S., Yoon, J., Kwon, O., & Paek, J. (2005). Feasibility analysis simulation model for managing construction risk factors. Journal of Asian architecture and building engineering, 4(1), 193-200.